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  4. What to do if someone is having a seizure?

What to do if someone is having a seizure?

  • Protect the person from injury – remove harmful objects from nearby
  • Cushion their head
  • Look for an epilepsy identity card or identity jewellery
  • Aid breathing by gently placing them in the recovery position once the seizure has finished
  • Stay with the person until recovery is complete


  • Restrain the person’s movements
  • Put anything in the person’s mouth
  • Try to move them unless they are in danger
  • Give them anything to eat or drink until they are fully recovered
  • Attempt to bring them round

Call for an ambulance if:

  • You know it’s the person’s first seizure
  • The seizure continues for more than 5 minutes
  • One tonic-clonic seizure follows another without the person regaining consciousness between seizures
  • The person is injured during the seizure
  • You believe the person needs urgent medical attention